AR# 38988


Design Assistant for PCI Express - How can I force a card to train to a smaller link width? How do I tape off lanes?


How can an x8 or x4 card be forced to train to a smaller link width?

How do I tape off lanes?


Often times, part of debugging link up problems requires the user to force the endpoint to train to a smaller link width. To do this, either tape off the upper lanes (as shown in the figures below), or use a physical interposer that forces a smaller link width. If the board is embedded (i.e., not an Add-In card), this is more difficult to do. In that case, one option would be to remove the AC coupling capacitors. For more information on the board connector, see the PCI Express Card Electromechanical specification available on the PCISIG Web site.

The figures below are of an x8 card that is physically taped off for x4 and x1. You can use a clear tape similar to "Scotch Tape" to perform this taping off.

Figure 1.0 - x8 lanes down to x4 lanes

Figure 2.0 - x8 lanes down to x1 lanes

Revision History:
01/19/2010 - Resized Images
12/22/2010 - Initial Release



Answer Number 问答标题 问题版本 已解决问题的版本
34538 Xilinx Solution Center for PCI Express - Design Assistant N/A N/A
AR# 38988
日期 12/15/2012
状态 Active
Type 综合文章
器件 More Less
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